Category: Medical Conditions

Knee Cartilage Regrowth – Key To Microfracture Surgery

Posted on September 20, 2016 in Medical Conditions

Surgery options from the - Possible candidates for Microfracture Surgery

You are likely to get microfracture surgery if arthroscopy reveals cartilage damage in the knee joint or under the kneecap. This operation will prevent or slow down the inevitable progression of cartilage damage. As a result, your chances of growing knee arthritis is substantially minimised long term. Some patients develop knee pain or swelling as an effect of cartilage injuries. This pain or swelling can be halted or reduced significantly by performing break knee operation on the patient. Other potential candidates for this type of surgery comprise people who are active but cannot participate in physical activities or sports and have shown cartilage damage symptoms. This surgical operation may also be performed on the patient if they usually do not have major arthritis in the knee joint.

Benefits of Cartilage Repair Surgery

This type of knee surgery can help prolong the life of the knee joint before complete or partial knee replacement and advancing knee arthritis.

The Microfracture Surgery Process

Your orthopaedic surgeon will administer anesthesia to the patient. Three types of anesthesia are needed for this procedure; you are given medication to make you relax and painkillers shots to numb the knee, spinal anesthesia and the general anesthesia to allow you to get unconscious and pain free. Next the surgeon makes a quarter inch surgical incision on your own knee. Long and thin tube with a camera attached at the end is put through the incision or cut.

This process is known as arthroscopic surgery.

The camera is subsequently attached to some video monitor found in the operating room. This enables the surgeon to look inside the knee area while working on the joint. There is a small pointed tool known as an awl which the surgeon uses to make minuscule holes in the bone. This incision is near the damaged cartilage, and the small holes are known as micro fractures.

The body treats the breaks as new harms consequently the formation of new cartilage to replace the older one. It is crucial that you note that this operation is less successful if used to treat heavy patients, older patients or cartilage lesion larger than 2.5 cm. The growth of cartilage after the operation is dependent on the patients bone marrow stem cell population.

The Recovery Process

A study conducted by the developers of the surgical operation found that patients of forty-five years and below have a success rate of seventy-five to eighty percent. During the recovery process, the constraints put on the patients is their major challenge. In order for the cartilage to develop optimally, the patients need to be patient and really cooperative. They usually need to be on crutches for 4 to 6 weeks. Others may require braces based on the surface being regenerated. Before the patient can return to full action, it truly is proposed that the physician or practitioner re-examine the knee and potential obtain an MRI to assess the amount of cartilage regrowth and discover if it has recovered enough.

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Treating Uterine Fibroids

Posted on March 4, 2016 in Health Care & Critical Care, Medical Conditions


Uterine fibroids are every woman’s nightmare. These are non-cancerous growths which grow outside or inside the uterus. Fibroids are as a result of normal cells undergoing abnormal growth.

Uterine fibroids (leiomyomata) are noncancerous growths that develop in or just outside a woman’s uterus (womb). Uterine fibroids develop from normal uterus muscle cells that start growing abnormally. As the cells grow, they form a benign tumor.

Who Gets Uterine Fibroids?

Uterine fibroids are extremely common. In fact, many women have uterine fibroids at some point in life. Uterine fibroids in most women are usually too small to cause any problems, or even be noticed.

No one knows what causes uterine fibroids, but their growth seems to depend on estrogen, the female hormone. Uterine fibroids don’t develop until after puberty, and usually after age 30. Uterine fibroids tend to shrink or disappear after menopause, when estrogen levels fall. Sourced from:

The most common fibroid symptoms are heavy bleeding during menses, frequently urinating and constipation. The pain can become acute when the fibroid runs out of blood supply. This is a sign that is has grown bigger than what it is feeding on.

In women who have symptoms, the most common symptoms of uterine fibroids include:

Heavy menstrual bleeding Prolonged menstrual periods — seven days or more of menstrual bleeding Pelvic pressure or pain Frequent urination Difficulty emptying your bladder Constipation Backache or leg pains

Rarely, a fibroid can cause acute pain when it outgrows its blood supply. Deprived of nutrients, the fibroid begins to die. Byproducts from a degenerating fibroid can seep into surrounding tissue, causing pain and, rarely, fever. A fibroid that hangs by a stalk inside or outside the uterus (pedunculated fibroid) can trigger pain by twisting on its stalk and cutting off its blood supply. Sourced from:

Fibroids are known to shrink after menopause but there are situations where drastic measures like surgery are the only option. The patient can also be given medication to deal with the symptoms. There are critical situations whereby the uterus must be extracted.


Surgery to remove your fibroids may be considered if your symptoms are particularly severe and medication has been ineffective. Several different procedures can be used to treat fibroids. Your GP will refer you to a specialist who will discuss the options with you, including benefits and any associated risks.

The main surgical procedures used to treat fibroids are outlined below.


A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the womb. It's the most effective way of preventing fibroids coming back. A hysterectomy may be recommended if you have large fibroids or severe bleeding and you don't wish to have any more children. Sourced from: